Luminescence and scintillation properties of rare-earth-doped LuF3 scintillation crystals

Jan Pejchal, Kentaro Fukuda, Shunsuke Kurosawa, Yuui Yokota, Akira Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The Nd-doped and Er-doped LuF3 single crystals were grown by the micro-pulling-down method to study their scintillation properties in the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) region. The doubly Nd-Er codoped single crystal was grown to study possibility of scintillation performance improvement by energy transfer from Er3+ to Nd3+ ions. The LiF flux was to avoid phase transition below melting temperature. The 1%Nd-doped sample showed the highest overall scintillation efficiency under X-ray excitation which was 7 times as high as that of the LaF3:Nd 8% standard. The leading Nd3+ 5d-4f emission was situated at 176 nm, while the Er3+ 5d-4f emission for Er-doped samples was observed at 163 nm, which better matches the sensitivity of some VUV-sensitive photodetectors. The optimum Er concentration was determined to be around 1-3 mol%. No Er3+ 5d-4f emission was observed for the doubly Er,Nd-codoped sample due to energy transfer from the Er3+ to Nd3+ ions. Slight improvement of the light yield was observed in the doubly-doped sample with respect to the Nd-only doped one.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalOptical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1


  • Lutetium fluoride
  • Scintillator
  • VUV luminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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