Mapping and resolving galaxy formation at its peak epoch with Mahalo-Subaru and Gracias-ALMA

Tadayuki Kodama, Masao Hayashi, Yusei Koyama, Ken Ichi Tadaki, Ichi Tanaka, Rhythm Shimakawa, Tomoko Suzuki, Moegi Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


MAHALO-Subaru (MApping HAlpha and Lines of Oxygen with Subaru) project aims to investigate how the star forming activities in galaxies are propagated as a function of time, mass, and environment. It employs a unique set of narrow-band filters on MOIRCS/Subaru to search for Ha emitters associated to the proto-clusters or in narrow redshift slices in the general field. We have shown not only filamentary/clumpy structures of all the proto-clusters but also very high star formation activities therein especially at z > 2. HST images from the CANDELS survey have revealed that nearly half of the Hα emitters in the field at z ̃ 2 have clumpy structures. Among them, "red dusty clumps" are preferentially found at or near the mass center of galaxies. Therefore, they are probably linked to the formation of bulge component. To explore physical states and the mode of star formation of those forming galaxies, we have started Gracias-ALMA project in full coordination with the Mahalo-Subaru project. We will resolve molecular gas contents and dusty star formation within these galaxies, and tell whether clumps are formed by gravitational instability of gas rich disks, and whether bulges are formed by clump migration or through galaxy-galaxy mergers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-258
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Galaxies: clusters
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation


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