Phosphorylation site responsible for the regulation of smooth muscle myosin was mapped using a polyclonal antibody against a phosphorylated hendecapeptide corresponding to the amino acid sequence around Ser-19 in the regulatory light chain. Phosphorylated myosin mixed with the antibody was rotary-shadowed and was examined by electron microscopy. The antibody binding site was located in the head portion of myosin and the average distance from the head-rod junction was about 3 nm toward the tip of myosin head. The results indicate that the phosphorylated Ser-19 in regulatory light chain is a little more extended toward the adjacent essential light chain in reference to the resolved N-terminal residues of the regulatory light chain in the three dimensional structure of myosin heads from other sources, in which the structure of the N-terminal portions homologous to the phosphorylated Ser-19 was not resolved (Rayment, I. et al. (1993) Science 261, 50-58; Xie, X. et al. (1994) Nature 368, 306-312). Intramolecular interaction through the introduced phosphoryl group may be the primary results in the regulatory light chain which releases the motor domain from its suppressed state.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Japan Academy Series B: Physical and Biological Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Feb|
- Aorta smooth muscle myosin
- Electron microscopy
- Myosin regulatory light chain