Marked Reduction of Cerebral Vasospasm with Intrathecal Urokinase Infusion Therapy after Endovascular Coil Embolization of the Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Case Series

Arata Nagai, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Tomohisa Ishida, Yoshimichi Sato, Tomoo Inoue, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Delayed cerebral vasospasms after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are a risk factor for poor prognosis after successful treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. Different strategies to remove clots from the subarachnoid space and prevent vasospasms have different outcomes. Intrathecal urokinase infusion therapy combined with endovascular treatment (EVT) can reduce the incidence of symptomatic vasospasms. To analyze the relationship between symptomatic vasospasms and residual SAHs after urokinase infusion therapy, we retrospectively reviewed the records of 348 consecutive patients managed with EVT and intrathecal urokinase infusion therapy for aneurysmal SAH at our institution between 2010 and 2021. Among them, 163 patients met the study criteria and were classified into two groups according to the presence of residual SAH in the cisterns, Sylvian fissures, and frontal inter-hemispheric fissure. The incidence of symptomatic vasospasms and the clinical outcomes were as-sessed. In total, eight (5.0%) patients developed symptomatic vasospasms. Patients with symptomatic vasospasms had a significantly higher incidence of residual SAH in the Sylvian or frontal interhemi-spheric fissures than those without (P <.0001). No patient with SAHs resolved by urokinase infusion therapy developed symptomatic vasospasms. However, the two groups did not differ significantly in terms of modified Rankin scale scores at discharge. Treatment with intrathecal urokinase infusion after EVT for aneurysmal SAH can substantially reduce the risk of clinically evident vasospasms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-574
Number of pages9
JournalNeurologia Medico-Chirurgica
Volume62
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • aneurysm
  • coil embolization
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • urokinase
  • vasospasm

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