We identified a missense mutation of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) gene (Leu126Ser) in a Japanese family with ALS that included a patient with the homozygous mutation. The content of the Cu/Zn SOD polypeptide in erythrocytes was markedly reduced in the case with the homozygous mutation compared to those with the heterozygous mutation. We speculated that this reduction of the mutant Cu/Zn SOD molecule might be related to the severe clinical phenotype of the case.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase
- Homozygous mutation