Maturation and spawning processes of anadromous and resident pond smelt in Lake Ogawara

Satoshi Katayama, Yoshio Sugawara, Michio Omori, Akihiro Okata

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Pond smelt, Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister, in Lake Ogawara demonstrate alternative life history strategies, as evidenced by the coexistence of anadromous and resident fish. However, it is unknown if anadromous and resident groups interbreed. In this study, maturation and spawning processes were examined and compared between anadromous and resident groups. Histological observations indicated negligible variation in the maturational stage composition of oocytes, the frequency of oocyte diameter being unimodal for all specimens at different maturational stages. Oocytes were absent in the ovaries of spent fish. Accordingly, the species can be considered a semelparous spawner with unimodal oocyte diameter distribution. Temporal changes in the proportion of spent fish were compared between anadromous and resident groups. Spawning of both groups began in late March and peaked over April 8-12. Although both groups did not differ significantly in the period of peak spawning, anadromous fish finished spawning earlier than resident ones. Anadromous fish were not able to spawn upon migration into Lake Ogawara , and quickly matured after immigration, contrasting with resident fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-18
Number of pages12
JournalIchthyological Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Feb 15


  • Anadromy
  • Maturation
  • Pond smelt
  • Residence
  • Spawning


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