Method for determining nozzle-throat-erosion history in hybrid rockets

Landon Kamps, Yuji Saito, Ryosuke Kawabata, Masashi Wakita, Tsuyoshi Totani, Yusuke Takahashi, Harunori Nagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The authors of this paper introduce a new reconstruction technique titled nozzle-throat reconstruction technique to estimate nozzle-throat-erosion history and oxidizer-to-fuel-mass-ratio history in hybrid rockets. Nine static-firing tests were carried out on a 2kN-class cascaded multistage impinging-jet-type hybrid-rocket motor under varying oxidizer-flowrates to evaluate the accuracy of reconstructed results. Nozzle-throat-erosion histories calculated by the nozzle-throat reconstruction technique agreed well with measured values for initial nozzle-throat radius, and successfully reconstructed the case, in which no measurable amount of nozzle-throat erosion occurred. For equivalence ratios 0.6-1.4, the relationship between nozzle-throat-erosion rate and equivalence ratio of reconstructed results displays a trend consistent with chemical-kinetic-limited heterogeneous-combustion theory, as well as predictions made by previous researchers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1369-1377
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Propulsion and Power
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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