Micro-arc oxidation treatment to improve the hard-tissue compatibility of Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr alloy

Yusuke Tsutsumi, Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Harumi Tsutsumi, Hisashi Doi, Naoyuki Nomura, Takao Hanawa

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58 Citations (Scopus)


Micro-arc oxidation (MAO) was performed on a β-type Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr alloy (TNTZ) in this study to improve its bioactivity in a body fluid and its hard-tissue compatibility. The surface oxide layer formed on TNTZ by MAO treatment in a mixture of calcium glycerophosphate and magnesium acetate was characterized using various surface analyses. The oxide layer was mainly composed of two types of TiO 2 (rutile and anatase), and it also contained Ca, P, and Mg, which were incorporated from the electrolyte during the treatment. The calcium phosphate formation on the surface of the specimens after immersion in Hanks' solution was evaluated to determine the bioactivity of TNTZ with and without MAO treatment. As a result, thick calcium phosphate layers formed on the TNTZ specimen that underwent MAO treatment, whereas only a small amount of precipitate was observed on TNTZ without treatment. Thus, the MAO treatment is a promising method to improve the bioactivity and hard-tissue compatibility of TNTZ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-38
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1


  • Bioactivity
  • Calcium phosphate
  • Hard-tissue compatibility
  • Micro-arc oxidation
  • Titanium alloy


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