The effects of severe plastic deformation through high-pressure torsion (HPT) on the microstructure and tensile properties of a biomedical Co-Cr-Mo (CCM) alloy were investigated. The microstructure was examined as a function of torsional rotation number, N and equivalent strain, εeq in the HPT processing. Electron backscatter diffraction analysis (EBSD) shows that a strain-induced martensitic transformation occurs by the HPT processing. Grain diameter decreases with increasing εeq, and the HPT-processed alloy (CCMHPT) for εeq=45 exhibits an average grain diameter of 47nm, compared to 70μm for the CCM alloy before HPT processing. Blurred and wavy grain boundaries with low-angle of misorientation in the CCMHPT sample for εeq<45 become better-defined grain boundaries with high-angle of misorientation after HPT processing for εeq=45. Kernel average misorientation (KAM) maps from EBSD indicate that KAM inside grains increases with εeq for εeq<45, and then decreases for εeq=45. The volume fraction of the ε (hcp) phase in the CCMHPT samples slightly increases at εeq=9, and decreases at εeq=45. In addition, the strength of the CCMHPT samples increases at εeq=9, and then decrease at εeq=45. The decrease in the strength is attributed to the decrease in the volume fraction of ε phase, annihilation of dislocations, and decrease in strain in the CCMHPT sample processed at εeq=45 by HPT.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Jun 1|
- Co-Cr-Mo alloys
- Grain refinement
- High-pressure torsion
- Martensitic phase transformation