Here we report 2 cases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with sensitive epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation that developed miliary brain metastases characterized by dementia and disorientation during gefitinib therapy. One patient's therapy was switched from gefitinib to chemotherapy followed by whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), which resulted in disease progression with coma. Gefitinib reinitiation improved the patient's symptoms. The other patient continued gefitinib during WBRT and achieved complete remission of the miliary metastases and lived 18 months longer. These results suggest that gefitinib concomitant with WBRT is an optional strategy for the treatment of patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC with miliary metastases to prevent disease flare.
- Epidermal growth factor receptor
- Lung adenocarcinoma
- Miliary brain metastases
- Whole brain radiotherapy