Minimally invasive procedures for deficient interdental papillae: A review

Yiding Zhang, Guang Hong, Yifan Zhang, Keiichi Sasaki, Hongkun Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Deficient interdental papillae cause a series of problems, including food impaction, phonetic difficulties, and esthetic concerns. The purpose of this article is to provide valid clinical recommendations for clinicians to address these problems in a predictable and less invasive way. Overview: Numerous treatments are available for interdental papillae reconstruction, but most of them involve surgery and yield unpredictable outcomes. Minimally invasive treatments have the advantages of being effective, predictable, and involving only slight injury as compared to surgical treatments. We included 66 studies obtained after searching for relevant papers in PubMed and Web of Science. The etiology and classification of deficient interdental papillae are explained and minimally invasive procedures for deficient interdental papillae reconstruction are summarized. Conclusions: Minimally invasive procedures are promising ways to reconstruct deficient interdental papillae, and have the advantages of slight pain and rapid recovery. It should be noticed that some of the minimally invasive treatments still require further long-term observation to confirm their efficacy. Clinical significance: Familiarity with etiology and classification of deficient interdental papillae can help clinicians to choose the appropriate minimally invasive approach as well as help with case collection to enhance esthetics status in patients with deficient interdental papillae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-471
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 1


  • clinical application
  • esthetic improvement
  • gingival reconstruction
  • hyaluronic acid
  • interdental papilla


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