Minimum cost partitions of trees with supply and demand

Takehiro Ito, Takuya Hara, Xiao Zhou, Takao Nishizeki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Let T be a given tree. Each vertex of T is either a supply vertex or a demand vertex, and is assigned a positive integer, called the supply or the demand. Every demand vertex v of T must be supplied an amount of "power," equal to the demand of v, from exactly one supply vertex through edges in T. Each edge e of T has a direction, and is assigned a positive integer which represents the cost required to delete e from T or reverse the direction of e. Then one wishes to obtain subtrees of T by deleting edges or reversing the directions of edges so that (a) each subtree contains exactly one supply vertex whose supply is no less than the sum of all demands in the subtree and (b) every edge is directed away from the supply vertex in each subtree. One wishes to minimize the total cost to obtain such subtrees from T. In the paper, we first show that this minimization problem is NP-hard, and then give a pseudopolynomial-time algorithm to solve the problem. We finally give a fully polynomialtime approximation scheme (FPTAS) for the problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-415
Number of pages16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov


  • Approximation algorithm
  • Demand vertex
  • Directed edge
  • Graph partition
  • Supply vertex
  • Tree

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Minimum cost partitions of trees with supply and demand'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this