A nano-mechanical model has been developed to calculate the tensile modulus and the tensile strength of randomly oriented short carbon nanotubes (CNTs) reinforced nanocomposites, considering the statistical variations of diameter and length of the CNTs. According to this model, the entire composite is divided into several composite segments which contain CNTs of almost the same diameter and length. The tensile modulus and tensile strength of the composite are then calculated by the weighted sum of the corresponding modulus and strength of each composite segment. The existing micro-mechanical approach for modeling the short fiber composites is modified to account for the structure of the CNTs, to calculate the modulus and the strength of each segmented CNT reinforced composites. Multi-walled CNTs with and without inter-tube bridging have been considered. Statistical variations of the diameter and length of the CNTs are modeled by a normal distribution. Simulation results show that CNTs inter-tube bridging, length and diameter affect the nanocomposites modulus and strength. Simulation results have been compared with the available experimental results and the comparison concludes that the developed model can be effectively used to predict tensile modulus and tensile strength of CNTs reinforced composites.
- Mechanical properties
- Numerical analysis