The role of metallothionein (MT) in cisplatin (cis-DDP) resistance and renal toxicity was investigated in C3H mice inoculated with mouse bladder tumor (MBT-2). C3H mice were inoculated s.c. with 1 x 106 MBT-2 cells/mouse on day 0. Mice were given injections of propargylglycine (PPG) (500 umol/kg s.c.) once a day for 3 days from day 7 to day 9 and with ZnS04 (200 umol/kg s.c.) once a day for 2 days from day 8 to day 9. cfr-DDP (50 umol/kg i.p.) was administered 10 days after MBT-2 cell inoculation. Since MT contents in the tumor and kidneys were significantly increased by administration of ZnS04, both the antitumor activity of cis-DDP and its renal toxicity were reduced. However, coadministration of PPG reduced MT induction in tumor without affecting the level of renal MT. As a result, PPG could clearly overcome the MT-mediated cis-DDP resistance of tumors without compromising the protective effect exerted by renal MT on nephrotoxicity of the drug. It was suggested, therefore, that PPG may be a promising adjunct in cancer chemotherapy to overcome the drug resistance of tumors caused by the elevated level of MT.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1993 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research