β-Cyclodextrin (β-CyD)-based polymeric receptors for γ-endorphin (γ-endor, an opioid heptadecapeptide) were prepared using the molecular imprinting method. When mono-3-(N-acrylamido)-3-deoxy-β-CyD bearing a vinyl group in the secondary hydroxyl side of the cavity of β-CyD was polymerised in water in the presence of γ-endor, the binding activity of the β-CyD polymer to this peptide in water was enormously promoted by the imprinting. By contrast, the bindings towards methionine-enkephalin (N-terminal pentapeptide of γ-endor) and its homologue leucine-enkephalin were suppressed. Thus, the binding of γ-endor by the imprinted polymer was highly selective. The imprinting towards γ-endor was also successful with the use of the β-CyD monomer bearing a vinyl group in the primary hydroxyl side of the cavity, although the recognition was less strict. Various factors affecting the imprinting efficiency (kinds of β-CyD vinyl monomer and template, as well as the pH of imprinting mixture) are discussed.
- Molecular imprinting