Molecular motion in pyridazinium/crown ether supramolecular cation salts of a nickel dithiolene complex

Zun Qi Liu, Kazuya Kubo, Li Lin, Norihisa Hoshino, Shin Ichiro Noro, Tomoyuki Akutagawa, Takayoshi Nakamura

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Supramolecular cations formed by monoprotonated pyridazinium cations and cis-anti-cis-dicyclohexano[18]-crown-6 (DCH[18]-crown-6) or dibenzo[18]-crown-6 (DB[18]-crown-6) were introduced into [Ni(dmit)2]- salts (where dmit2- = 2-thione-1,3-dithiole-4,5-dithiolate). X-ray crystal structure analysis of (pyridazinium+)(DCH[18]-crown-6)[Ni(dmit) 2]- (1) revealed a chair-type conformation of the DCH[18]-crown-6 moiety. A V-shaped conformation of the DB[18]-crown-6 moiety was observed in (pyridazinium+)(DB[18]-crown-6)2[Ni(dmit) 2]-(H2O)2 (2). Nitrogen atoms in the pyridazinium cations interacted with the oxygen atoms of the DCH[18]-crown-6 and DB[18]-crown-6 through N-H+∼O hydrogen bonds, forming 1:1 and 1:2 supramolecular structures, respectively. Sufficient space for molecular motions of the pyridazinium cations, namely flip-flop and in-plane rotations, exists in salt 1. Disorder in nitrogen atoms was observed by X-ray analysis, indicating dynamic motion of the pyridazinium cation, namely flip-flop motion and in-plane motion. A potential energy calculation further supported the possibility of dynamic motion of cations in the crystal. By contrast, the flip-flop motion of the pyridazinium group in salt 2 is restricted by the two nearest-neighbouring DB[18]-crown-6 molecules. Weak antiferromagnetic intermolecular interactions between the [Ni(dmit)2]- anions in the two-dimensional layers of salt 1 were observed, resulting in alternating antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain-type magnetic susceptibility. Quasi-one-dimensional intermolecular interactions between the [Ni(dmit) 2]- anions were observed in salt 2, whose magnetic behaviour followed the Bonner-Fisher model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2930-2939
Number of pages10
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 28


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