Morphology control of aluminum nitride (AlN) for a novel high-temperature hydrogen sensor

Angga Hermawan, Yusuke Asakura, Shu Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen is a promising renewable energy source for fossil-free transportation and electrical energy generation. However, leaking hydrogen in high-temperature production processes can cause an explosion, which endangers production workers and surrounding areas. To detect leaks early, we used a sensor material based on a wide bandgap aluminum nitride (AlN) that can withstand a high-temperature environment. Three unique AlN morphologies (rod-like, nest-like, and hexagonal plate-like) were synthesized by a direct nitridation method at 1400°C using γ-AlOOH as a precursor. The gas-sensing performance shows that a hexagonal plate-like morphology exhibited p-type sensing behavior and showed good repeatability as well as the highest response (S = 58.7) toward a 750 ppm leak of H2 gas at high temperature (500°C) compared with the rod-like and nest-like morphologies. Furthermore, the hexagonal plate-like morphology showed fast response and recovery times of 40 and 82 s, respectively. The surface facet of the hexagonal morphology of AlN might be energetically favorable for gas adsorption-desorption for enhanced hydrogen detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1560-1567
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov


  • aluminum nitride
  • controllable morphology
  • direct nitridation
  • hydrogen sensor
  • γ-AlOOH


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