MS-818 that is a synthetic pyrimidine compound and shown to have neurotrophic actions, enhanced basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced angiogenesis in vivo. However, the mechanism and whether MS-818 affects endothelial cells (ECs) directly is not known. Here, the authors investigated whether MS-818 alone could induce angiogenesis and tried to clarify the mechanism of neovascularization by MS-818 in terms of angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. The authors show that MS-818 affects ECs directly and induces migration of and tube formation by ECs in vitro (angiogenesis). Furthermore, the authors demonstrate that MS-818 mobilizes endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from the bone marrow and potentiates their differentiation to ECs (vasculogenesis). The effect of MS-818 on the endothelial differentiation was further confirmed with an in vitro differentiation system using mouse embryonic stem cells. MS-818 activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway but not the phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway in ECs. These results indicate that MS-818, a synthetic compound, promotes both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis.
- Embryonic stem cells (ES Cells)
- Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs)