Crystallographic orientation relationships between intragranular ferrites, the MnS+V(C, N) complex precipitates acting as ferrite nucleation sites, and austenite matrix were studied in Fe-Mn-C alloys by scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy. VC holds a cube-cube orientation relationship (〈001〉γ//〈001〉VC) when it is formed directly within austenite grains in an Fe-12Mn-0.8C-0.3V alloy. When VC precipitates nucleate on incoherent MnS particles dispersed in austenite, there is no specific orientation relationship between the three phases. Intragranular ferrite idiomorphs nucleating on the MnS+V(C, N) complex precipitate in austenite in Fe-1.5Mn-0.2C and Fe-2Mn-0.2C alloys often hold the Baker-Nutting orientation relationship ((001)α//(001)V(C, N), α//V(C, N)). Although several irrational ferrite/V(C, N) orientation relationships were observed, misorientation for either low-index planes or directions are relatively small between ferrite and V(C, N) for those relationships. The orientation relationships between intragranular ferrite and austenite were estimated by examining the misorientations between the ferrite and the neighboring martensite lathes from the Kurdjumov-Sachs inter-variant relationships. There is no specific orientation relationship between the intragranular ferrite idiomorph and the austenite matrix because of the low-energy orientation relationships between ferrite and V(C, N).
- Phase transformation