Multiple interactions of the dynein-2 complex with the IFT-B complex are required for effective intraflagellar transport

Shunya Hiyamizu, Hantian Qiu, Laura Vuolo, Nicola L. Stevenson, Caroline Shak, Kate J. Heesom, Yuki Hamada, Yuta Tsurumi, Shuhei Chiba, Yohei Katoh, David J. Stephens, Kazuhisa Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The dynein-2 complex must be transported anterogradely within cilia to then drive retrograde trafficking of the intraflagellar transport (IFT) machinery containing IFT-A and IFT-B complexes. Here, we screened for potential interactions between the dynein-2 and IFT-B complexes and found multiple interactions among the dynein-2 and IFT-B subunits. In particular, WDR60 (also known as DYNC2I1) and the DYNC2H1-DYNC2LI1 dimer from dynein-2, and IFT54 (also known as TRAF3IP1) and IFT57 from IFT-B contribute to the dynein-2-IFT-B interactions. WDR60 interacts with IFT54 via a conserved region N-terminal to its light chain-binding regions. Expression of the WDR60 constructs in WDR60-knockout (KO) cells revealed that N-terminal truncation mutants lacking the IFT54-binding site fail to rescue abnormal phenotypes of WDR60-KO cells, such as aberrant accumulation of the IFT machinery around the ciliary tip and on the distal side of the transition zone. However, a WDR60 construct specifically lacking just the IFT54-binding site substantially restored the ciliary defects. In line with the current docking model of dynein-2 with the anterograde IFT trains, these results indicate that extensive interactions involving multiple subunits from the dynein-2 and IFT-B complexes participate in their connection.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of cell science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Cilia
  • Dynein-2
  • IFT-B complex
  • Intraflagellar transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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