A multistage recursive block interleaver (MIL) is proposed for the turbo code internal interleaver. Unlike conventional block interleavers, the MIL repeats permutations of rows and columns in a recursive manner until reaching the final interleaving length. The bit error rate (BER) and frame error rate (FER) performance with turbo coding and MIL under frequency-selective Rayleigh fading are evaluated by computer simulation for direct-sequence code-division multiple-access mobile radio. The performance of rate-1/3 turbo codes with MIL is compared with pseudorandom and S-random interleavers assuming a spreading chip rate of 4.096 Mcps and an information bit rate of 32 kbps. When the interleaving length is 3068 bits, turbo coding with MIL outperforms the pseudorandom interleaver by 0.4 dB at an average BER of 10-6 on a fading channel using the ITU-R defined Vehicular-B power-delay profile with the maximum Doppler frequency of fD = 80 Hz. The results also show that turbo coding with MIL provides superior performance to convolutional and Reed-Solomon concatenated coding; the gain over concatenated coding is as much as 0.6 dB.
- Turbo codes