Genetic analyses have revealed an association between the gene encoding the Rab3A-interacting molecule (RIM1) and the autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy CORD7. However, the pathogenesis of CORD7 remains unclear. We recently revealed that RIM1 regulates voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel (VDCC) currents and anchors neurotransmitter-containing vesicles to VDCCs, thereby controlling neurotransmitter release. We demonstrate here that the mouse RIM1 arginine-to-histidine substitution (R655H), which corresponds to the human CORD7 mutation, modifies RIM1 function in regulating VDCC currents elicited by the P/Q-type Ca(v)2.1 and L-type Ca(v)1.4 channels. Thus, our data can raise an interesting possibility that CORD7 phenotypes including retinal deficits and enhanced cognition are at least partly due to altered regulation of presynaptic VDCC currents.