MYPT1-PP1β phosphatase negatively regulates both chromatin landscape and co-activator recruitment for beige adipogenesis

Hiroki Takahashi, Ge Yang, Takeshi Yoneshiro, Yohei Abe, Ryo Ito, Chaoran Yang, Junna Nakazono, Mayumi Okamoto-Katsuyama, Aoi Uchida, Makoto Arai, Hitomi Jin, Hyunmi Choi, Myagmar Tumenjargal, Shiyu Xie, Ji Zhang, Hina Sagae, Yanan Zhao, Rei Yamaguchi, Yu Nomura, Yuichi ShimizuKaito Yamada, Satoshi Yasuda, Hiroshi Kimura, Toshiya Tanaka, Youichiro Wada, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Min Sheng Zhu, Takeshi Inagaki, Timothy F. Osborne, Takeshi Kawamura, Yasushi Ishihama, Yoshihiro Matsumura, Juro Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein kinase A promotes beige adipogenesis downstream from β-adrenergic receptor signaling by phosphorylating proteins, including histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9) demethylase JMJD1A. To ensure homeostasis, this process needs to be reversible however, this step is not well understood. We show that myosin phosphatase target subunit 1- protein phosphatase 1β (MYPT1-PP1β) phosphatase activity is inhibited via PKA-dependent phosphorylation, which increases phosphorylated JMJD1A and beige adipogenesis. Mechanistically, MYPT1-PP1β depletion results in JMJD1A-mediated H3K9 demethylation and activation of the Ucp1 enhancer/promoter regions. Interestingly, MYPT1-PP1β also dephosphorylates myosin light chain which regulates actomyosin tension-mediated activation of YAP/TAZ which directly stimulates Ucp1 gene expression. Pre-adipocyte specific Mypt1 deficiency increases cold tolerance with higher Ucp1 levels in subcutaneous white adipose tissues compared to control mice, confirming this regulatory mechanism in vivo. Thus, we have uncovered regulatory cross-talk involved in beige adipogenesis that coordinates epigenetic regulation with direct activation of the mechano-sensitive YAP/TAZ transcriptional co-activators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5715
JournalNature Communications
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

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