Nanoporous surfaces of FeAl formed by vacancy clustering

Kyosuke Yoshimi, Shuji Hanada, Tomohide Haraguchi, Hidemi Kato, Takaomi Itoi, Akihisa Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Numerous thermal vacancies are frozen into FeAl B2-ordered alloy ribbons by a conventional rapid-solidification technique. Through heat treatment at 723 K, clustering of the supersaturated vacancies generates a large number of nanopores, particulary near surfaces, thus creating nanoporous surfaces. The nanoporous surface structure was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The behavior of this vacancy clustering was examined by differential scanning calorimetry. An exothermic, irreversible peak, probably due to vacancy clustering, was observed around 800 K, giving an activation evergy of about 1.17 eV. The nanopore formation was also observed by in-situ heating experiments in a transmission electron microscope. The pores have specific morphology and crystallography with pore surfaces faceting toward {100} planes. These results suggest that the vacancy clustering is a unique process which enables us to efficiently make nanoporous surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2897-2902
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov


  • FeAl
  • Nanopore
  • Rapid solidification
  • Surface
  • Vacancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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