Nanosecond Random Telegraph Noise in In-Plane Magnetic Tunnel Junctions

K. Hayakawa, S. Kanai, T. Funatsu, J. Igarashi, B. Jinnai, W. A. Borders, H. Ohno, S. Fukami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


We study the timescale of random telegraph noise (RTN) of nanomagnets in stochastic magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). From analytical and numerical calculations based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert and the Fokker-Planck equations, we reveal mechanisms governing the relaxation time of perpendicular easy-axis MTJs (p-MTJs) and in-plane easy-axis MTJs (i-MTJs), showing that i-MTJs can be made to have faster RTN. Superparamagnetic i-MTJs with small in-plane anisotropy and sizable perpendicular effective anisotropy show relaxation times down to 8 ns at negligible bias current, which is more than 5 orders of magnitude shorter than that of typical stochastic p-MTJs and about 100 times faster than the shortest time of i-MTJs reported so far. The findings give a new insight and foundation in developing stochastic MTJs for high-performance probabilistic computers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117202
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 17


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