Nanosecond Random Telegraph Noise in In-Plane Magnetic Tunnel Junctions

K. Hayakawa, S. Kanai, T. Funatsu, J. Igarashi, B. Jinnai, W. A. Borders, H. Ohno, S. Fukami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the timescale of random telegraph noise (RTN) of nanomagnets in stochastic magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). From analytical and numerical calculations based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert and the Fokker-Planck equations, we reveal mechanisms governing the relaxation time of perpendicular easy-axis MTJs (p-MTJs) and in-plane easy-axis MTJs (i-MTJs), showing that i-MTJs can be made to have faster RTN. Superparamagnetic i-MTJs with small in-plane anisotropy and sizable perpendicular effective anisotropy show relaxation times down to 8 ns at negligible bias current, which is more than 5 orders of magnitude shorter than that of typical stochastic p-MTJs and about 100 times faster than the shortest time of i-MTJs reported so far. The findings give a new insight and foundation in developing stochastic MTJs for high-performance probabilistic computers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117202
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume126
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 17

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