Nationwide survey of hereditary pancreatitis in Japan

Atsushi Masamune, Kazuhiro Kikuta, Shin Hamada, Eriko Nakano, Kiyoshi Kume, Ayano Inui, Toshiaki Shimizu, Yoshifumi Takeyama, Masaki Nio, Tooru Shimosegawa

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36 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is a rare cause of chronic pancreatitis. We here report a nationwide survey to clarify the epidemiological, genetic, and clinical features of HP in Japan. Methods: Target subjects were patients with HP and their family members who had visited selected hospitals between 2005 and 2014. This study consisted of two-stage surveys; patients with HP were identified by the first questionnaire and their clinical features were assessed by the second questionnaire. Results: Two hundred seventy-one patients (153 males and 118 females) in 100 families diagnosed based on the Japanese criteria or 231 patients (131 males and 100 females) patients in 80 families based on the EUROPAC criteria were reported. Of the families undertaking genetic tests, 41% had the PRSS1 mutations (p.R122H 33%, p.N29I 8%) and 36% had the SPINK1 mutations (p.N34S 22%, c.194+2T>C 14%, p.P45S 1%). The mean age at symptom onset was 17.8 years. The cumulative rates of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and diabetes mellitus were 16.1 and 5.5% at 20 years old, and 45.3 and 28.2% at 40 years, respectively. Forty-four percent of the patients underwent endoscopic treatment and/or surgery. The cumulative rate of pancreatic cancer diagnosis was 2.8% at 40 years old, 10.8% at 60 years, and 22.8% at 70 years. Conclusions: HP was characterized by early disease onset, frequent development of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and diabetes mellitus, requirement of endoscopic treatment and/or surgery, and increased risk of pancreatic cancer. PRSS1 and SPINK1 mutations serve as genetic background for HP in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1


  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Recurrent pancreatitis
  • Trypsin
  • Trypsinogen


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