Natural-mixing guided design of refractory high-entropy alloys with as-cast tensile ductility

Shaolou Wei, Sang Jun Kim, Jiyun Kang, Yong Zhang, Yongjie Zhang, Tadashi Furuhara, Eun Soo Park, Cemal Cem Tasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)


Metallic alloys containing multiple principal alloying elements have created a growing interest in exploring the property limits of metals and understanding the underlying physical mechanisms. Refractory high-entropy alloys have drawn particular attention due to their high melting points and excellent softening resistance, which are the two key requirements for high-temperature applications. Their compositional space is immense even after considering cost and recyclability restrictions, providing abundant design opportunities. However, refractory high-entropy alloys often exhibit apparent brittleness and oxidation susceptibility, which remain important challenges for their processing and application. Here, utilizing natural-mixing characteristics among refractory elements, we designed a Ti38V15Nb23Hf24 refractory high-entropy alloy that exhibits >20% tensile ductility in the as-cast state, and physicochemical stability at high temperatures. Exploring the underlying deformation mechanisms across multiple length scales, we observe that a rare β′-phase plays an intriguing role in the mechanical response of this alloy. These results reveal the effectiveness of natural-mixing tendencies in expediting high-entropy alloy discovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1175-1181
Number of pages7
JournalNature Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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