Near-infrared spectroscopy of the high-redshift quasar S4 0636 + 68 AT z = 3.2

Takashi Murayama, Yoshiaki Taniguchi, Aaron S. Evans, D. B. Sanders, Youichi Ohyama, Kimiaki Kawara, Nobuo Arimoto

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11 Citations (Scopus)


We present near-infrared (observed frame) spectra of the high-redshift quasar S4 0636 + 68 at z = 3.2, which was previously thought to be one of a group of "strong" Fe II emitters [i.e., F(Fe II λλ4434-4684)/F(Hβ) > 1]. Our K-band spectrum clearly shows emission lines of Hβ and [O III] λλ4959, 5007, as well as optical Fe II emission. Our computed value of F(Fe II λλ4434-4684)/F(Uβ) ≃ 0.8 for S4 0636 + 68 is less than previously thought and, in fact, is comparable to values found for radio-loud, flat-spectrum, low-z quasars. Therefore S4 0636 + 68 appears not to be a strong optical Fe II emitter. Although more than half (5/8) of the high-z quasars observed to date are still classified as strong optical Fe II emitters, their Fe II/Hβ ratios, for the most part, follow the same trend as do those of low-z quasars, i.e., an anticorrelation in EW(Fe II)/EW(Hβ) versus EW([O III])/EW(Hβ), with radio-loud quasars having a mean value of EW(Fe II)/EW(Hβ) approximately half that of radio-quiet quasars at comparable values of EW([O III])/EW(Hβ).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2237-2243
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jun


  • Quasars: emission lines
  • Quasars: individual (S4 0636 + 68)


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