Network structure and mechanical properties of allophanate‐cured polyurethane rubber

Hidetoshi Oikawa, Tsuyoshi Nagai, Kenkichi Murakami

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    An allophanate‐cured polyurethane (PU) has been prepared. The relationship between trifunctional network structure and mechanical properties is discussed. Mooney‐Rivlin constants C1 and C2 are determined from stress‐strain isotherms. C2 is approximately constant. The average value of structure factor A3 in the limit at large deformation is 0.432, in fair agreement with the theoretical prediction of 1/3. The structure factor A′3 of all PU samples becomes roughly unity in the limit at small deformation. The experimental results are interpreted by the recent Flory theory (a fluctuation‐constraint model of junctions). The κ parameter decreases with increasing crosslink density; the ξ parameter is small and approaches zero. Increasing crosslink density tends to cause phantom deformation for extended PU networks. However, the absolute value of the reduced stress in the limit at large deformation (or for the equivalent phantom network) [f ph*] is believed to be overestimated for PU networks with high crosslink density. The origin of this behavior is discussed in detail.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)795-807
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1989 Mar

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Materials Chemistry


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