To demonstrate the high spatiotemporal resolution of magnetoencephalography (MEG), we report three cases with focal epilepsy that exhibited bilateral synchronized spikes on simultaneous scalp EEG and MEG recording. Constant time lags (19.4±3.0 ms and 20.0±5.5) between the leading and the following contralateral spikes were noted on MEG and the current dipole sources were localized in the bilateral homotopic regions symmetrically in Cases 1 and 3. In Case 2, MEG indicated leading spikes in the left frontal region, with a time lag of 42.3±8.4 ms to reach the contralateral frontal and bilateral temporal regions as well. Chronic subdural EEG recording in Cases 1 and 2 confirmed that the leading spike focus in MEG was close to the seizure onset zone in cortical EEG. Spatio-temporal analysis of MEG spikes may be useful to identify the primary epileptic region in patients with synchronized bilateral epileptiform discharges.
- secondary bilateral synchrony