Kimura's neutral theory provides the whole theoretical basis of the behavior of mutations in a Wright-Fisher population. We here discuss how it can be applied to a cancer cell population, in which there is an increasing interest in genetic variation within a tumor. We explain a couple of fundamental differences between cancer cell populations and asexual organismal populations. Once these differences are taken into account, a number of powerful theoretical tools developed for a Wright-Fisher population could be readily contribute to our deeper understanding of the evolutionary dynamics of cancer cell population.
- Neutral theory