New bioactive glass-ceramic: Synthesis and application in PMMA bone cement composites

Hamizah Abd Samad, Mariatti Jaafar, Radzali Othman, Masakazu Kawashita, Noor Hayati Abdul Razak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


In present study, a new composition of glass-ceramic was synthesized based on the Na2O-CaO-SiO2-P2O5 glass system. Heat treatment of glass powder was carried out in 2 stages: 600°C as the nucleation temperature and different temperature on crystallization at 850, 950 and 1000°C. The glass-ceramic heat-treated at 950°C was selected as bioactive filler in commercial PMMA bone cement; (PALACOS® LV) due to its ability to form 2 high crystallization phases in comparison with 850 and 1000°C. The results of this newly glass-ceramic filled PMMA bone cement at 0-16 wt% of filler loading were compared with those of hydroxyapatite (HA). The effect of different filler loading on the setting properties was evaluated. The peak temperature during the polymerization of bone cement decreased when the liquid to powder (L/P) ratio was reduced. The setting time, however, did not show any trend when filler loading was increased. In contrast, dough time was observed to decrease with increased filler loading. Apatite morphology was observed on the surface of the glass-ceramic and selected cement after bioactivity test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-258
Number of pages12
JournalBio-medical materials and engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Bioactive bone cement
  • bioactivity
  • glass-ceramics
  • hydroxyapatite
  • polymethylmethacrylate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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