New polymorphic microsatellite markers in the human MHC class II region

Y. Matsuzaka, S. Makino, K. Nakajima, M. Tomizawa, A. Oka, M. Kimura, S. Bahram, G. Tamiya, H. Inoko

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27 Citations (Scopus)


The human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II region spans approximately 1.1 Mb and presently contains over 30 functional genes. Susceptibility loci to numerous diseases, mainly of autoimmune nature are known to map to the this region, as assessed by associations with particular HLA class II alleles. However, it has been difficult to precisely localize these susceptibility loci to a single gene, for example DQB1 or DRB1, due to the tight linkage disequilibrium observed in the HLA class II region. To facilitate disease mapping within this region, we have analyzed 2∼5 bases short tandem repeats (microsatellites) in this same region. A total of 494 microsatellites were identified from the genomic sequence of the HLA class II region. These consist of 158 di-, 65 tri-, 163 tetra-, and 108 pentanucleotide repeats, out of which four were located within the coding sequence of expressed genes (Daxx, BING1, RXRB and COL11A2). Twenty-two repeats were selected as polymorphic markers due to their high (average) number of alleles (8.9) as well as their high polymorphic content value (PIC) (0.58). These novel polymorphic microsatellites will provide useful genetic markers in HLA-related research, such as genetic mapping of HLA class II-associated diseases, transplantation matching, population genetics, identification of recombination hot spots as well as linkage disequilibrium studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-500
Number of pages9
JournalTissue Antigens
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Allele frequency
  • Heterozygosity
  • Japanese population
  • Microsatellite repeat
  • PIC
  • Triplet repeat


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