Nitrogenous compounds stimulate glucose-derived acid production by oral Streptococcus and Actinomyces

Yuka Norimatsu, Junko Kawashima, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Nobuhiro Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Both Streptococcus and Actinomyces can produce acids from dietary sugars and are frequently found in caries lesions. In the oral cavity, nitrogenous compounds, such as peptides and amino acids, are provided continuously by saliva and crevicular gingival fluid. Given that these bacteria can also utilize nitrogen compounds for their growth, it was hypothesized that nitrogenous compounds may influence their acid production; however, no previous studies have examined this topic. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the effects of nitrogenous compounds (tryptone and glutamate) on glucose-derived acid production by Streptococcus and Actinomyces. Acid production was evaluated using a pH-stat method under anaerobic conditions, whereas the amounts of metabolic end-products were quantified using high performance liquid chromatography. Tryptone enhanced glucose-derived acid production by up to 2.68-fold, whereas glutamate enhanced Streptococcus species only. However, neither tryptone nor glutamate altered the end-product profiles, indicating that the nitrogenous compounds stimulate the whole metabolic pathways involving in acid production from glucose, but are not actively metabolized, nor do they alter metabolic pathways. These results suggest that nitrogenous compounds in the oral cavity promote acid production by Streptococcus and Actinomyces in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-506
Number of pages6
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sept 1


  • Acids production
  • Nitrogen compounds
  • Oral Actinomyces
  • Oral Streptococcus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology


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