Noncrystalline Nanocomposites as a Remedy for the Low Diffusivity of Multivalent Ions in Battery Cathodes

Yuki Orikasa, Kazuaki Kisu, Etsuro Iwama, Wako Naoi, Yusuke Yamaguchi, Yoshitomo Yamaguchi, Naohisa Okita, Koji Ohara, Toshiyuki Munesada, Masashi Hattori, Kentaro Yamamoto, Patrick Rozier, Patrice Simon, Katsuhiko Naoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Rechargeable batteries using multivalent metals are among the most promising next-generation battery systems due to their high capacity, high safety, and low cost compared with lithium-ion batteries. However, strong cation-anion interaction degrades diffusion in solid cathodes, an effect that must be mitigated to yield practical multivalent metal batteries. We show that a highly defective iron phosphate-carbon composite prepared by ultracentrifugation serves as a reversible insertion/deinsertion for magnesium ions with, and operates beyond, a 2-V cell voltage at room temperature. A composite of noncrystalline particles that embeds the surrounding carbon structure enhances the magnesium-ion diffusion in the solid phase with stability for cycle life. X-ray absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and high-energy X-ray scattering measurements demonstrate magnesium-ion insertion and extraction in the defective iron phosphate without conversion reactions. This work suggests promising applications for highly defective structures as intercalation hosts for multivalent ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1021
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 11


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