Nondestructive Evaluation of Material Degradation in 2.25Cr-1Mo Steel by Electrochemical Technique

Yutaka Watanabe, Tetsuo Shoji

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1 Citation (Scopus)


2.25Cr-1Mo steel is one of heat resistant materials used most widely in fossil power plants as a header and a boiler tube. The most important phenomenon in material deterioration of 2.25Cr-1Mo steel during a long term operation is carbide coarsening. Carbide coarsening causes such changes in mechanical properties as softening or reduction both of creep strength and of toughness. In this paper, a new nondestructive method for detection and evaluation of these material degarda-tions in 2.25Cr-1Mo steel by means of an electrochemical technique is described. The main results obtained are as follows. (1) A degree of material degradation can be evaluation by the peak value of current density (ΔIP) obtained by the anodic polarization measurement. Since Δlpcorresponds to the rate of selective dissolution of coarse carbides M6C, the amount of M6C carbides can be evaluated quantitatively by ΔIP. (2) Ah shows a good correlation with ΔFATT. Hence, the toughness reduction can be nondestructively estimated by ΔIPmeasurement. (3) ΔIpcan be regarded as a representative parameter showing the decrease in Mo concentration in grains caused by M6C (Mo-rich) carbide coarsening. ΔIPshows a good correlation with hardness change ΔHv. Based on this interrelation, the degree of softening can be nondestructively estimated. (4) The L. M. P. value of materials used in actual plants can be estimated by ΔIPmeasurement. Hence, the actual operational temperature can be estimated from the operation period with high accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Issue number448
Publication statusPublished - 1991


  • 2.25Cr-lMo steel
  • Carbide coarsening
  • Electrochemical technique
  • Embrittlement
  • Heat resistant material
  • Nondestructive
  • Polarization curve
  • Softening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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