Novel gratings for next-generation instruments of astronomical observations

N. Ebizuka, T. Okamoto, M. Takeda, T. Hosobata, Y. Yamagata, M. Sasaki, M. Uomoto, T. Shimatsu, S. Sato, N. Hashimoto, I. Tanaka, T. Hattori, S. Ozaki, W. Aoki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


We will introduce current status of development of a birefringence volume phase holographic (B-VPH) grating, volume binary (VB) grating and reflector facet transmission (RFT) grating developing as the novel dispersive optical element for astronomical instruments for the 8.2m Subaru Telescope, for next generation 30 m class huge ground-based telescopes and for next generation large space-bone telescopes. We will also introduce a hybrid grism developed for MOIRCS (Multi-Object InfraRed Camera and Spectrograph) of the Subaru Telescope and a quasi-Bragg (QB) immersion grating. Test fabrication of B-VPH gratings with a liquid crystal (LC) of UV curable and normal LCs or a resin of visible light curable are performed. We successfully fabricated VB gratings of silicon as a mold with ridges of a high aspect ratio by means of the cycle etching process, oxidation and removal of silicon oxide. The RFT grating which is a surface-relief (SR) transmission grating with sawtooth shaped ridges of an acute vertex angle. The hybrid grism, as a prototype of the RFT grating, combines a high-index prism and SR transmission grating with sawtooth shape ridges of an acute vertex angle. The mold of the SR grating for the hybrid grism on to a work of Ni-P alloy of non-electrolysic plating successfully fabricated by using our ultra-precision machine and a single-crystal diamond bite. The QB immersion grating was fabricated by a combination of an inclined QB grating, Littrow prism and surface reflection mirror.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHolography
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances and Modern Trends V
EditorsJohn T. Sheridan, Miroslav Hrabovsky, Antonio Fimia
ISBN (Electronic)9781510609679
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventHolography: Advances and Modern Trends V 2017 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 2017 Apr 242017 Apr 27

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherHolography: Advances and Modern Trends V 2017
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic


  • Volume grating, Echelle spectroscopy, RCWA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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