Physiological regulation of laccase production from Ganoderma sp. KU-Alk4, isolated in Thailand, was controlled by the initial glucose concentration in liquid culture. Different laccase isozymes were produced using different starting concentrations of glucose. With 1% glucose, two isozymes, KULac 1 and 2 were produced, while with 4% glucose, three different isozymes, KULac 3, 4 and 5, were produced. The KULacs differed in their molecular mass, ranging from 53 to 112 kDa. KULac 2 was a new laccase that had a different N-terminal amino acid sequence from other laccases previously reported. All the isozymes had optimum pH at 3.5 and were stable over the wide range of pH, 3.0-10.0, especially in alkaline pH. It is noteworthy that the activities of the four KULacs with 2,6-dimethoxyphenol were extremely high up to 90°C. They retained 100% of their activities at 60°C for 1 h.
- Glucose effect