Nrf2 suppresses oxidative stress and inflammation in APP knock-in Alzheimer's disease model mice

Akira Uruno, Daisuke Matsumaru, Rie Ryoke, Ritsumi Saito, Shiori Kadoguchi, Daisuke Saigusa, Takashi Saito, Takaomi C. Saido, Ryuta Kawashima, Masayuki Yamamoto

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94 Citations (Scopus)


Nrf2 (NF-E2-related-factor 2) is a stress-responsive transcription factor that protects cells against oxidative stresses. To clarify whether Nrf2 prevents Alzheimer's disease (AD), AD model AppNL-G-F/NL-G-F knock-in (AppNLGF) mice were studied in combination with genetic Nrf2 induction model Keap1FA/FA mice. While AppNLGF mice displayed shorter latency to escape than wild-type mice in the passive-avoidance task, the impairment was improved in AppNLGF::Keap1FA/FA mice. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–mass spectrometry imaging revealed that reduced glutathione levels were elevated by Nrf2 induction in AppNLGF::Keap1FA/FA mouse brains compared to AppNLGF mouse brains. Genetic Nrf2 induction in AppNLGF mice markedly suppressed the elevation of the oxidative stress marker 8-OHdG and Iba1-positive microglial cell number. We also determined the plasmalogen-phosphatidylethanolamine (PlsPE) level as an AD biomarker. PlsPE containing polyunsaturated fatty acids was decreased in the AppNLGF mouse brain, but Nrf2 induction attenuated this decline. To evaluate whether pharmacological induction of Nrf2 elicits beneficial effects for AD treatment, we tested the natural compound 6-MSITC [6-(methylsulfinyl)hexyl isothiocyanate]. Administration of 6-MSITC improved the impaired cognition of AppNLGF mice in the passive-avoidance task. These results demonstrate that the induction of Nrf2 ameliorates cognitive impairment in the AD model mouse by suppressing oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, suggesting that Nrf2 is an important therapeutic target of AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00467
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Glutathione
  • Inflammation
  • Nrf2
  • Nrf2
  • Oxidative stress


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