Nucleoporin85 is required for calcium spiking, fungal and bacterial symbioses, and seed production in Lotus japonicus

Katsuharu Saito, Makoto Yoshikawa, Koji Yano, Hiroki Miwa, Hisaki Uchida, Erika Asamizu, Shusei Sato, Satoshi Tabata, Haruko Imaizumi-Anraku, Yosuke Umehara, Hiroshi Kouchi, Yoshikatsu Murooka, Krzysztof Szczyglowski, J. Allan Downie, Martin Parniske, Makoto Hayashi, Masayoshi Kawaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

252 Citations (Scopus)


In Lotus japonicus, seven genetic loci have been identified thus far as components of a common symbiosis (Sym) pathway shared by rhizobia and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. We characterized the nup85 mutants (nup85-1, -2, and -3) required for both symbioses and cloned the corresponding gene. When inoculated with Glomus intraradices, the hyphae managed to enter between epidermal cells, but they were unable to penetrate the cortical cell layer. The nup85-2 mutation conferred a weak and temperature-sensitive symbiotic phenotype, which resulted in low arbuscule formation at 22°C but allowed significantly higher arbuscule formation in plant cortical cells at 18°C. On the other hand, the nup85 mutants either did not form nodules or formed few nodules. When treated with Nod factor of Mesorhizobium loti, nup85 roots showed a high degree of root hair branching but failed to induce calcium spiking. In seedlings grown under uninoculated conditions supplied with nitrate, nup85 did not arrest plant growth but significantly reduced seed production. NUP85 encodes a putative nucleoporin with extensive similarity to vertebrate NUP85. Together with symbiotic nucleoporin NUP133, L. japonicus NUP85 might be part of a specific nuclear pore subcomplex that is crucial for fungal and rhizobial colonization and seed production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-624
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Cell
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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