Nucleosynthesis in aspherical explosions of population III stars

K. Nomoto, N. Tominaga, M. Tanaka, K. Maeda, H. Umeda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


We present the nucleosynthetic yields of Population III core-collapse supernovae (SNe) focusing on the cases of hyper-energetic (Hypernovae, HNe) and hyper-aspherical (jet-induced) explosions. We show that (1) the explosions with large energy deposition rate, Ėdep, are observed as GRB-HNe and their yields can explain the abundances of normal extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars, and (2) the explosions with small Ėdep are observed as GRBs without bright SNe and can be responsible for the formation of the C-rich EMP (CEMP) and the hyper metal-poor (HMP) stars. We thus propose that GRB-HNe and the Non-SN GRBs (dark hypernovae) belong to a continuous series of BH-forming massive stellar deaths with the relativistic jets of different Ėdep. We also show that the very peculiar Si-poor abundance can also be explained by the angle-delimited yield of aspherical explosion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFirst Stars III
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventFirst Stars III - Santa Fe, NM, United States
Duration: 2007 Jul 152007 Jul 20

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


ConferenceFirst Stars III
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySanta Fe, NM


  • Gamma rays: bursts
  • Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances stars: abundances
  • Stars: Population III supernovae:general


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