Numerical analyses of effectiveness of magnetic field on variant selection in FePd by phase field modeling

Nobufumi Ueshima, Masato Yoshiya, Hideyuki Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of magnetic field on variant selection in FePd has been investigated by phase field modeling. In this study, multi phase field modeling [Physica D, 94 (1996), 135] was used for calculations. Chemical free energy, interface energy and magnetic energy were incorporated in our calculation. As for magnetic energy, magnetic crystalline anisotropy energy was taken into account. Disordered FePd at 50 K below the transition temperature is selected as the initial state. Then, calculations have been performed with the presence or absence of the external magnetic field as a variable. First of all, calculations under no magnetic field showed that the volume fractions of three variants were almost equal to each other. Secondly, calculations under magnetic field of 5 T showed that the volume fraction of magnetically favorable variant was much more than other variants. Finally, the timing to apply magnetic field was intentionally changed with fixing the length of time for application, in computational experiments to examine at what stage the magnetic field is most effective. It is found that applying magnetic field from the beginning of order-disorder transition results in the slightly more volume fraction of the favorable variant, and, in turn, the less interface energy per unit volume, than others, which leads to the dominance of the favorable variant at the end after variant coarsening driven by interface energy, resulting in successful grain alignment, although applying the magnetic field at later stage shows little effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1908-1913
Number of pages6
JournalIsij International
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • FePd
  • Magnetic anisotropy
  • Phase field modeling
  • Variant selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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