Numerical Experiment for Ultrasonic-Measurement-Integrated Simulation of Developed Laminar Pipe Flow Using Axisymmetric Model

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Many studies have been carried out on the relationship between the occurrence and progression of circulatory diseases and hemodynamics. However, it is difficult to obtain accurate and detailed information on blood flow in the living body with existing experimental and numerical methods. The authors have previously proposed the Ultrasonic-Measurement-Integrated (UMI) simulation and shown that the blood flow in an aortic aneurysm can be accurately reproduced when feedback signals derived from the difference between measured and computed Doppler velocities are fed back to the numerical simulation. In the present study, we performed a fundamental numerical experiment in which UMI simulation was applied to a developed laminar pipe flow using an axisymmetric model in order to understand the effect of the feedback law on the accuracy of UMI simulation systematically. The effect of two types of ultrasonic probes, the linear scanning type and the sector scanning type, and the effect of 70 ° and 110 ° irradiating angles of the ultrasonic beam in the linear probe were investigated. It was confirmed that the result of UMI simulation asymptotically approached the standard solution of developed laminar flow downstream of the feedback domain in all cases using the linear probe and the sector probe with axisymmetric feedback. Under the present conditions, a linear probe with a radiation angle of 70 ° was most effective, whereas there was not so much improvement in the accuracy in the case using the sector probe. The effect of the singularity of the axisymmetric coordinate on the pipe axis was observed in the axial velocity profile near the entrance of the feedback domain, but disappeared some distance downstream in that domain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-115
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Blood Flow
  • Boundary Condition
  • Color Doppler Imaging
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Measurement Integrated Simulation
  • Ultrasonic Measurement


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