Numerical experiment for ultrasonic-measurement-integrated simulation of three-dimensional unsteady blood flow

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Integration of ultrasonic measurement and numerical simulation is a possible way to break through limitations of existing methods for obtaining complete information on hemodynamics. We herein propose Ultrasonic-Measurement- Integrated (UMI) simulation, in which feedback signals based on the optimal estimation of errors in the velocity vector determined by measured and computed Doppler velocities at feedback points are added to the governing equations. With an eye towards practical implementation of UMI simulation with real measurement data, its efficiency for three-dimensional unsteady blood flow analysis and a method for treating low time resolution of ultrasonic measurement were investigated by a numerical experiment dealing with complicated blood flow in an aneurysm. Even when simplified boundary conditions were applied, the UMI simulation reduced the errors of velocity and pressure to 31% and 53% in the feedback domain which covered the aneurysm, respectively. Local maximum wall shear stress was estimated, showing both the proper position and the value with 1% deviance. A properly designed intermittent feedback applied only at the time when measurement data were obtained had the same computational accuracy as feedback applied at every computational time step. Hence, this feedback method is a possible solution to overcome the insufficient time resolution of ultrasonic measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1383-1397
Number of pages15
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug


  • Aneurysm
  • Bio-fluid mechanics
  • Boundary condition
  • Color Doppler imaging
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Hemodynamics
  • Measurement-integrated simulation
  • Ultrasonic measurement


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