It is well known that the fluid dynamics of arterial blood flow play an important role in arterial disease. The periodic blood flow through a stenosed tube with a moving wall is analyzed numerically. The Windkessel model is used to express arterial wall movement. A revised Casson model which is appropriate for numerical simulation is proposed as a constitutive equation of blood. The flow is assumed to be periodic, incompressible and axisymmetric. The influence of wall movement on flow through a stenosed tube is investigated. The flow pattern, separated region and the distributions of pressure and shear stress at the wall are obtained. The results show that the wall movement reduces the strength of vortex downstream of the stenosis and has considerable influence on the physical quantity of flow at the wall in one period. Therefore, it is concluded that the influence of wall movement should be taken into consideration for blood flow through a stenosed tube.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|