Numerical study of the two-phase flow characteristics of slush nitrogen

Jun Ishimoto, Ryusuke Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The fundamental two-phase flow characteristics of slush nitrogen in a pipe are numerically investigated to develop effective cooling performance for long-distance superconducting cable. First, the governing equations of two-phase slush nitrogen flow based on the unsteady thermal non-equilibrium two-fluid model are constructed and several flow characteristics are numerically calculated taking into account the effects of the slush volume fraction, the thermodynamic behavior of slush, and the duct shape. Furthermore, the numerical results are compared with previous experimental results on pressure loss measurement and visualization measurement in two-phase slush nitrogen flow along the longitudinal direction of the pipe. Results of this research show that it is possible to reduce the pressure loss by using a two-phase slush flow under the high Reynolds number condition and by applying the appropriate volume fraction of slush particles. The optimized thermal flow conditions for cryogenic two-phase slush nitrogen with practical use of latent heat for slush melting are predicted for the development of a new type of superconducting cooling system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-316
Number of pages13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr


  • Internal flow
  • Multiphase flow
  • Slush nitrogen
  • Superconducting cable
  • Two-phase flow


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