Objective: This study investigated the bone regenerative properties of an octacalcium phosphate collagen composite (OCP/Col) in a rat calvarial bone defect model. Design: An OCP/Col or β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP)/Col disk was implanted into the critical-sized calvarial defects and fixed 2 or 4 weeks later. The radiopacity of defects was examined after disk implantation by the radiographic examination and micro-computed tomography (μ-CT). Immunohistochemical and histochemical analyses were carried out to assess the bone matrix maturation, neovascularization, and osteoclast and osteoblast distribution in the neonatal bone. Results: Radiographic and μ-CT examination of the area of implanted OCP/Col indicated the newly formed bone and no difference from those of the original bone. Osteopontin, osteocalcin, Runt-related transcription factor 2, type 1 collagen, vascular endothelial growth factor, and alkaline phosphatase or tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase in the newly formed calvarial bone and the surrounding connective tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and histochemistry. Biomarker expression was not significantly elevated at the defect site; the area of which was calculated by dividing the distance from the healthy bone margin or calvarium and dura mater surface. There was no difference in the expression of these biomarkers in the OCP/Col group at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. In addition, the expression levels of all markers were higher in the OCP/Col group than in the β-TCP/Col group at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. Conclusions: The OCP/Col as a bone regeneration material not only exhibits osteoconductive activity that is dependent on residual healthy bone tissue, but also has osteoinductive capacity, which promotes angiogenesis and osteogenic cell invasion from host tissue into the bone defect.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Jan 1|
- bone regeneration
- bone tissue engineering
- octacalcium phosphate collagen composite
- osteogenic factors