On graphs with complete multipartite μ-graphs

Aleksandar Jurišić, Akihiro Munemasa, Yuki Tagami

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Jurišić and Koolen proposed to study 1-homogeneous distance-regular graphs, whoseμ-graphs (that is, the graphs induced on the common neighbours of two vertices at distance 2) are complete multipartite. Examples include the Johnson graph J (8, 4), the halved 8-cube, the known generalized quadrangle of order (4, 2), an antipodal distance-regular graph constructed by T. Meixner and the Patterson graph. We investigate a more general situation, namely, requiring the graphs to have complete multipartite μ-graphs, and that the intersection number α exists, which means that for a triple (x, y, z) of vertices in Γ, such that x and y are adjacent and z is at distance 2 from x and y, the number α (x, y, z) of common neighbours of x, y and z does not depend on the choice of a triple. The latter condition is satisfied by any 1-homogeneous graph. Let Kt × n denote the complete multipartite graph with t parts, each of which consists of an n-coclique. We show that if Γ is a graph whose μ-graphs are all isomorphic to Kt × n and whose intersection number α exists, then α = t, as conjectured by Jurišić and Koolen, provided α ≥ 2. We also prove t ≤ 4, and that equality holds only when Γ is the unique distance-regular graph 3 . O7 (3).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1812-1819
Number of pages8
JournalDiscrete Mathematics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 28


  • μ-graph
  • Complete multipartite graph
  • Distance-regular graph
  • Generalized quadrangle
  • Local graph
  • Regular point


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