In this paper, we analyze the impact of nonlinear high-power amplifier (HPA) on the performance of cooperative network based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing combined with time-division multiplexing (OFDM/TDM) using minimum mean-square-error frequency-domain combining (MMSE-FDC) in a frequency-selective fading channel. We design a novel MMSE-FDC weights while taking into account the nonlinearity of HPA at source and relay. Closed-form symbol error rate and outage probability expressions are derived while approximating the residual inter-slot interference after the MMSE-FDC as a random Gaussian variable. We discuss and address the nonlinear OFDM/TDM system design issues in cooperative network using the obtained simulation and theoretical results. We show that the OFDM/TDM with MMSE-FDC can be used to reduce the impact of nonlinear HPA on overall performance of cooperative network in comparison to OFDM while providing the target quality-of-service for reduced required signal-to-noise ratio. This is because OFDM/TDM with MMSE-FDC achieves frequency diversity in addition to cooperative diversity, while reduced peak-to-average power ratio makes it more robust on nonlinear degradation due to HPA saturation in comparison to conventional OFDM.
|Journal||Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Dec|