On the formation of massive primordial stars

Kazuyuki Omukai, Francesco Palla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We investigate the formation by accretion of massive primordial protostars in the range 10 to 300 M⊙. The high accretion rate used in the models (M = 4.4 × 10-3 M⊙ yr-1) causes the structure and evolution to differ significantly from those of both present-day protostars and primordial zero-age main sequence stars. The stellar surface is not visible throughout most of the main accretion phase, since a photosphere is formed in the infalling envelope. Significant nuclear buming does not take place until a protostellar mass of about 80 M⊙. As the interior luminosity approaches the Eddington luminosity, the protostellar radius rapidly expands owing to the radiation pressure. Eventually, a final swelling occurs when the stellar mass reaches about 300 M⊙. This expansion is likely to signal the end of the main accretion phase, thus setting an upper limit to the protostellar mass formed in these conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-74
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysics and Space Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2002


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